Female reproductive system

Female reproductive system

Changes on the outside are directly related to what’s happening on the inside. Your reproductive organs are present from birth, but it isn’t until puberty that they fully develop, and are a sign that your body is physically prepared to have children.

Ovum

Also known as an egg, the ovum is a reproductive cell which will develop into a foetus if fertilised by sperm. With the onset of puberty, one (sometimes two) ovum is released each month during your menstrual cycle.

Ovary

This is where eggs develop. Eggs travel from the ovaries, through the fallopian tubes, into the uterus.

Uterus

Also know as the womb, this is where a fertilised egg will become a foetus.

Fallopian tube

Once a month, an egg travels down one of the fallopian tubes from the ovary to the uterus.

Cervix

The cervix joins the lower part of the uterus with the upper part of the vagina.

Uterine lining

This is a layer of tissue that lines the uterus. During the menstrual cycle, this lining thickens to prepare for the fertilisation of an egg. If an egg is not fertilised, the uterine lining will shed. This is your period.

Vagina

This is the passage joining the outer sexual organs with the uterus, where menstrual fluid leaves the body.

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